Current Issue Article Abstracts
Winter 2017 Vol. 85.1
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This close reading of Lorca’s Viaje a la luna is based on three overlapping approaches: the complete segmentation of the text and the identification of discrete sequences and interpolations within it; the recognition that the work’s cohesiveness, such as it is, depends much more on the symbolic rather than the narrative; and the use of imagery and themes found in Lorca’s drama El público to inform an analysis and interpretation of the film scenario. The psychic journey obliquely depicted in Viaje traces in nonlinear fashion the protagonist’s trajectory from birth to death, and is focused above all on issues of sexuality, ranging from attitudes to intercourse and procreation to vacillation between heterosexuality and homosexuality. He submits to the forces of social convention (the wearing of the Harlequin suit), but a return to “authenticity” (the anatomical dummy) inevitably brings about his demise, demonstrating the inextricably interwoven nature of eros and thanatos.
This article explores the role translation has played in the circulation and promotion of Basque writer Kirmen Uribe’s first novel Bilbao–New York–Bilbao (2008). By examining the response both in and outside of the Basque Country, the article shows how particular views of literature within the Basque Country have influenced the work’s reception. In particular, drawing from political theories on community formation, it highlights the way art and literature are represented in the novel as spaces in which Basque artist-citizens have the right to participate in the nonviolent creation of their collective reality and to exchange and inspire ideas on the global stage. The article argues that Uribe’s novel promotes a productive view of Basque identity as always in movement, and therefore it is not exclusively tied to previous generations and their more violent means of protecting Basque culture.
With Spain’s financial downturn beginning in 2007–2008, crime fiction authors have responded by focusing on how the crisis has affected certain marginalized groups. In “El enigma de su voz” and “Sin tratamiento de cortesía,” Isabel Franc reacts not only to the economic crisis in Spain, but also to a social crisis that could threaten the union of same-sex couples. This article studies how Emma García, now a private detective in Barcelona, must double as a bodyguard, a protector of the lesbian couples that are now her clients, to defend them against a return to invisibility. The lesbian utopia of the Lola Van Guardia trilogy and the later No me llames cariño is now in danger as lo masculino invades to disrupt the space for lesbian love and marriage in these two short stories.
In Cuentos de vacaciones (1905), the collection of short fictions by Spanish histologist and Nobel Prize winner Santiago Ramón y Cajal, scientific and aesthetic discourses merge to interrogate the increasing complexity of life under modernity. This article examines how science and technologies of representation and display (dissection, “the theater of proof,” microscopy) intersect with modern spaces of visuality (theaters, museums, laboratories) in order to construct an epistemology of the human body and its legibility at individual and collective levels of existence. In my reading of “El pesimista corregido,” I argue that the story can be interpreted as a pseudoscientific experiment taking the form of a mise en scène which, as it exposes the constructed nature of human physiology, also foregrounds the centrality of theater and illusion as mechanisms and channels for subjectivization as well as for the production of aesthetic, cultural, and political consensus.
Anxieties of Interiority and Dissection in Early Modern Spain by Enrique Fernández (review) by Víctor Sierra Matute