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Current Issue Article Abstracts

Summer 2017 Vol. 85.3

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Articles

Colonial Commodity or Numinous Realm? The Representation of Nature in the Poetry of Luis Palés Matos

Víctor Figueroa

This article examines the representation of nature in Tuntún de pasa y grifería (1937; 2nd ed. 1950), a poetry collection by the Puerto Rican poet Luis Palés Matos. Although Palés's poems do not explicitly address environmental concerns, they actively respond to colonial forms of capitalist developmentalism that shaped the Caribbean during the first half of the twentieth century. Palés offers a critical portrayal of a "natural" landscape dominated by multinational economic interests and by unsustainable models of tourism. In contrast, in some of his poems Palés offers a more ecological vision of nature anchored in the realm of Afro-Caribbean spiritual belief systems. However, Palés does not present an idealized view of nature—his ironic perspective remains ambivalent between a critique of a capitalist modernity in which nature is simply an exploitable resource, and a sacred vision to which modernity, including the poet himself, no longer has access.

Wagner and Schoenberg in the New World: The Legacy of German Musical Romanticism in Los pasos perdidos

Paula C. Park

Alejo Carpentier's voyages to the Amazon in 1947 and 1948 gave him plenty of inspiration to write his novel Los pasos perdidos. However, the premise of the novel (the "problems" of the Latin American composer) predates these Amazonian expeditions. By examining the novel alongside several essays and crónicas, in this article I present Carpentier's hope for the Latin American artist's ability to create freely: disengaged from the pressure of having to either conform to European traditions or fully embrace Latin America's myths and natural landscape. In doing so, I analyze Carpentier's complex views towards Richard Wagner, which are informed by Nietzsche, and I ultimately propose that for Carpentier, the model for Latin American composers is Arnold Schoenberg, despite the disinterest expressed towards his compositional techniques by the unnamed protagonist in Los pasos perdidos.

The Political Becomes the Personal: Rosario Castellanos and the US Women's Liberation Movement

Erin Gallo

In September 1966, during the incipient stages of the US Women's Liberation Movement, Rosario Castellanos (1925–1974) began a yearlong stay in the United States as a visiting professor of Spanish at three state institutions. This article studies the lasting impressions of US liberationist discourses on Castellanos, who was simultaneously negotiating separation from her then-husband Ricardo Guerra. Through a close reading of the letters she wrote to Guerra and through interviews with two of her former students, this article contends that it was during this decisive year abroad that Castellanos began to reconcile the dissonance between her public feminist persona and its private enactment in her family life.

Rocío: Ensayo de una Mirada Sobre los Silencios de la Transición

Irene Domingo

Este artículo analiza Rocío (Fernando Ruiz Vergara), película-ensayo secuestrada judicialmente y censurada en España desde 1977. En particular, se centra en la tercera versión de la película, aquella que incorpora las secuencias suprimidas acerca de la Guerra Civil y, sobre estas, unos rótulos que las identifican como censuradas. La obra puede ser leída como ensayo fílmico interdisciplinario de la romería del Rocío que, al trazar su genealogía, descubre la connivencia entre los poderes económico, eclesiástico y político a lo largo de siglos. Concretamente, Rocío expone cómo el sistema de dominación y sometimiento de la clase popular fue implementado a través de un discurso plagado de silencios. Su crítica, sin embargo, no se detiene en el pasado, sino que, gracias a la performatividad de su forma collage. ayuda a comprender también hasta qué punto esta construcción de discursos siguió controlada por el poder durante la larga transición a la democracia.

Reviews

"Lector Ludens": The Representation of Games and Play in Cervante by Michael Scham (review) by Juan Escourido

Los espejos del yo: existencialismo y metaficción en la narrativa de Unamuno by Luis Álvarez Castro (review) by Francisco Larubia-Prado

El Eternauta, Daytripper, and Beyond by David William Foster (review) by Héctor Fernández L'Hoeste

Pliegues del yo: cuatro estudios sobre escritura autobiográfica en Hispanoamérica by Sergio Franco (review) by Margara Russotto

Spanish Film Cultures: The Making and Unmaking of Spanish Cinema by Nuria Triana-Toribio (review) by Paul Julian Smith

Nicaragua and the Politics of Utopia: Development and Culture in the Modern State by Daniel Chávez (review) by Christine J. Wade