Previous Issue Article Abstracts

 

Volume 88, Number 2, Spring 2020 

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ARTICLES


Sincerity, Fiction, and the Space of Lyric in the Silerio Episode of La Galatea (1585) by Miguel De Cervantes

Felipe Valencia

La Galatea (1585) by Miguel de Cervantes, as a libro de pastores that alternates the tale of fictional shepherds with the lyric verse they sincerely utter, is a book about lyric. As such, it explores a problem in lyric theory that is also touched upon in the novella "El curioso impertinente": the tension between lyric as fiction, or the mimesis of affect, and lyric as sincere outpouring, or the earnest communication of affect. In a subplot of La Galatea, the courtier Silerio disguises himself as a truhán or poet-for-hire as an allegory of an emerging kind of poet in the late sixteenth century, and in that capacity ends up praising the woman he secretly loves. This article reads La Galatea in light of key texts in lyric theory from Minturno and Torelli in the sixteenth century, to Hamburger and Smith in the twentieth, to Luján Atienza and Culler in the twenty-first.

La Historia Antigua De México De Francisco Javier Clavigero Y La Educación Indígena En Nueva España
Stephanie Rohner

Historia antigua de México (1780-1781) by Francisco Javier Clavigero represents a unique effort to systematize the pre-Columbian history of the Mexica, and to showcase their cultural achievements. This article argues that Clavigero intertwined in his historical narrative a concern about the education of natives in the viceroyalty of New Spain. In line with the pedagogical commitment of the Jesuits and the enlightened ideas of his time, he conceived education as the only means that would better allow Mexican natives to negotiate their positions within the structures of the Spanish colonial regime. Clavigero turned to pre-Columbian models to show that the Mexica had achieved the political and social welfare of their people through a solid system of domestic and public instruction. For the author, one could find examples worthy of imitation in the ancient history of Mexico.

A Edição Crítica De Alberto Caeiro/Fernando Pessoa: Elementos Para Um Estudo Da Téchne Heteronímica E De Uma Edição Hermenêutica Não-Linear
Burghard Baltrusch

Fernando Pessoa placed the brief and unfinished work of his master heteronym, Alberto Caeiro, at the center of his literary, philosophical and poetological oeuvre. Therefore, the edition and hermeneutics of Caeiro's texts are of fundamental importance to any interpretation of Pessoa's literary work as a whole. Thus, the five commented, and more or less critical editions that have been published during the last 25 years, require a critical evaluation. This study will focus primarily on the critical edition of Ivo Castro that was published in 2015, but it will also draw comparisons with the remaining four. It will be argued that all editions present incoherences with regard to their methodologies, and that they do not correspond in a satisfying manner to the challenges involved in the heteronymical process of Pessoa's creative practice. Consequently, a different method of reading and editing beyond the linear and orthotypographical genetic-critical traditions will be proposed. It will be argued that the unfinished character of Caeiro's text represents a paradigm of non-linear poetic language and poetics, which can be made extensible to the literary context of all heteronyms.

El vientre de la bestia: Crueldad, tiranía y tormento en la emblemática de los hermanos Covarrubias
José Manuel Pereiro Otero

Besides their emblematic texture, Emblemas morales (1589, 1591 and 1604), and Emblemata moralia (1601), by Juan de Horozco Covarrubias (c. 1545–1610), as well as Emblemas morales (1610), by Sebastián de Covarrubias Orozco (1539–1613), share a similar concern. Namely, certain emblems reveal an associative chain that links together the concepts of cruelty, tyranny and torture, a sequence that stresses the juxtaposition of the scope of the political to that of the juridical in any cruel act. In an implicit dialogue with political treatises like De rege et regis institutione (1599) by Juan de Mariana (1536–1624), and supported by both Greco-Latin and contemporary referents, these collections identify a particular problematic that characterizes the nexus between the 16th and 17th centuries, while participating in a transhistorical discourse that differentiates human beings from animals.

La Sagrada Familia de Max Aub: Campo cerrado, novela arquitectónica
Francisco León Rivero

Campo cerrado has been traditionally considered a realist and ethically engaged novel. This consideration may seem appropriate in light of the term galería ('gallery') with which it is characterized in the prologue and in the final pages. The term, nevertheless, allows us to open our reading of the text to a new interpretation that focuses on the architectural dimension of the work. In this essay, I first contextualize the architectural component within the urban experience (the city of Barcelona), and then approach a specific building whose presence turns out to be outstanding from an urbanistic and textual perspective: the basilica of the Sagrada Familia. Given its location in the urban landscape and the experience it evokes in the observer and main character (Rafael), the analysis of the building leads to conclusions that are applicable to the novel as a whole and contradict its initial characterization as a "gallery." Indeed, as I will demonstrate, Campo cerrado has a spatial structure buttressed by a discursive framework that is essential to a full understanding of the novel's message.

 

REVIEWS


Beyond Human: Vital Materialisms in the Andean Avant-Gardes by Tara Daly (review)
Cinthya Torres

Books Received

Volume 88, Number 1, Winter 2020 

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ARTICLES

THIS ISSUE OF HISPANIC REVIEW IS ADMIRINGLY AND AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED TO
ROMÁN DE LA CAMPA
ON THE OCCASION OF HIS RETIREMENT FROM TEACHING, 2020 

A View “From the Other Side”: Román de la Campa
Mabel Morana

Publications of Roman de la Campa

Tributes to Román de la Campa
David Barreto, Isabel Díaz Alanís, Julio Sebastián Figueroa, Carolyn Fornoff, Darío Goldgel Carballo, Ignasi Gozalo-Salellas, Linda Grabner Travis, Dana Khromov, Óscar E. Montoya, Malcolm K. Read, Lucía Reyes De Deu, Nancy Roane, Giselle Román-Medina, Ignacio M. Sánchez prado, Daniella Sánchez Russo, Víctor Sierra Matute

Afecto, memoria y lugar: En las orillas del Sar, Rosalía Castro, Lestrobe
Fernando Cabo Aseguinolaza

En este artículo trataremos de mostrar la relevancia del enmarcamiento espacial y de su mediación por una comunidad emocional concreta para el análisis de En las orillas del Sar,de Rosalía Castro. Destacaremos la importancia en este sentido de un lugar particular, las Torres de Lestrobe, como punto clave en la focalización de la memoria y del afecto que articula la obra. Las implicaciones con respecto a determinados posicionamientos ideológicos y afectivos de la autora tienen asimismo, según veremos, una traslación en términos de campo literario.

Camilo Castelo Branco, autor da literatura de cordel
Carlos Nogueira

A narrativa Maria! Não Me Mates, Que Sou Tua Mãe!, publicada pelo escritor português Camilo Castelo Branco, sob anonimato, em 1848, tem seduzido até hoje ouvintes e leitores com formações e gostos muito diferentes entre si. Este texto, uma das primeiras obras em prosa do autor da célebre novela romântica Amor de Perdição (1862), surgiu em folheto de cordel. O seu grande sucesso pode avaliar-se pelas várias edições que teve logo entre 1848 e 1852. Neste artigo, procuro compreender esta obra no contexto da produção literária de Camilo e da cultura portuguesa e europeia de meados do século XIX.

El 20 de noviembre como lugar de memoria: construcciones y resignificaciones en el relato audiovisual
José Carlos Rueda Laffond, Carlota Coronado Ruiz

Pocas fechas de la reciente historia española presentan una carga de sentido tan poderosa como el 20 de noviembre. Efeméride del fallecimiento de Francisco Franco en 1975, pero también del fusilamiento de José Antonio Primo de Rivera y de la muerte de Buenaventura Durruti en 1936, ha compuesto durante décadas un potente momento de memoria. El artículo aborda, desde una perspectiva panorámica, la presencia del aniversario en el relato audiovisual, principalmente documental. El rol del 20 de noviembre como cita de memoria luctuosa, o su ligazón con la sacralización y desacralización, compondrán los ejes de interpretación, considerando que tales relatos se han implicado en procesos de construcción y reciclaje. Desde ahí se atenderá a las (re)significaciones simbólicas asociadas con las políticas de memoria donde se han situado esas producciones desde la Guerra Civil a la actualidad.

Entre alambradas y exilios: sangrías de las Españas y terapias de Vichy by José María Naharro-Calderón
Reviewied by Francie Cate-Arries

Hombres en movimiento: masculinidades españolas en los exilios y migraciones, 1939–1999 by Iker González-Allende
Reviewied by Joseba Gabilondo

Response to David Pike’s Review of Spaniards in Mauthausen in Hispanic Review
Sara J. Brenneis

Books Received

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Volume 87, Number 4, Autumn 2019 

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Articles 

 

"Los primeros profetas esto profetyzaron": Función de la cautividad babilónica y las profecías del fin en el Libro de Fernán Gonçález
Fernando Riva

 

Este artículo analiza la relación existente entre el componente bíblico-profético del Libro de Fernán Gonçález acerca de la cautividad babilónica y las profecías apocalípticas provenientes del libro de Daniel. Este vínculo alcanza su apogeo en la oración de los castellanos que, a su vez, concentra un contenido apocalíptico. El poeta, asimismo, va preparando el significado de la plegaria desde el principio de la obra mediante el planteamiento de una dinámica tipológica, que es uno de los ejes del poema. Para lograr este objetivo, se comparan las alusiones proféticas que el autor castellano hace en el poema con aquellas presentes en el Antiguo Testamento y en sus interpretaciones medievales.


"Confesar o morir": Faith and Ocular Proof in the Silk Merchant Episode (I.4) of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha
Alani Hicks-Bartlett

 

The world that Don Quijote attempts to navigate in the Ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha is one in which vows are flawed, unsustainable, or completely absent, and where the dastardly effects of broken vows become both the cause and the product of violence. Chapter 4, with its incisive portrayal of the protagonist's systematic misunderstanding of promises and antipathy towards ocular proof, offers an early example of the Quijote's continual representation of the fallibility of vows and Don Quijote's attempts to overcome or overlook them. In particular, the silk merchant episode in the second half of the chapter engages questions exploring the foundation of faith. This episode dramatizes Don Quijote's problematic assumption that his chivalric code is one that all others must obey, while charting the etiology of violence associated with demanding visual evidence and exacting pledges of faith in the Quijote.


Paisana de los metales: Abstract Indigeneity in Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz's "Romance 37"
Jacob S. Neely

 

This essay approaches Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz's "Romance 37" from the perspective of indigenous studies, arguing that the nun portrays American birth as a discursive synecdoche to associate herself and, by extension, the New Spanish Creole class, with the riches mined in America. She equates mining, birth and material refinement with evangelization, implying that the Creoles are as fit to govern as the peninsulares because both groups are of quality stock and participate in evangelization processes. However, this rhetoric of materiality and refinement overlooks the bioethnic segregation of New Spain, meaning that the underlying argument for Creole administration may anachronistically read as a liberatory one inclusive of Amerindian peoples. By presenting successful evangelizers as the model for "indigenous" Catholic conduct, Sor Juana limits the semiotic scope of her synecdochical "América abundante" to tenants of Christian morality, explicitly excluding from this metaphysical territory those Spaniards who do not spread the word of God and implicitly excluding those who have yet to be evangelized, i.e., bio-ethnically indigenous peoples.


De Flora al Toa: Revolución, superhombre y naturaleza en Ciclón (1963) y Ociel del Toa (1965)
Roseli Rojo

 

El presente artículo estudia la relación hombre–naturaleza en dos documentales cubanos de la década del 60. Se contrastan Ciclón (1963), de Santiago Álvarez, y Ociel del Toa (1965), de Nicolás Guillén Landrián, para revelar dos concepciones emergentes en la Cuba revolucionaria. Pretendo demostrar que mientras Ciclón legitima una lógica de dominación de la naturaleza en sintonía con la proyección moderna, Ociel del Toa expone una síntesis entre lo humano y lo no-humano que desafía la visión dominante en el Estado cubano. Para corroborar esta tesis, me apoyo en las ideas de Boaventura de Sousa y Walter Mignolo sobre las epistemologías del Sur y el sistema mundial moderno/colonial, respectivamente. Además, retomo el concepto de "superhombre" delineado por Bolívar Echeverría.


Review

Cultures of the Fragment: Uses of the Iberian Manuscript, 1100–1600 by Heather Bamford (review)
Scotland Long

Books Received